Kannur otherwise called as Cannanore is a municipal corporation as well as city in the Kannur district of Kerala. The city is also the headquarters of Kannur district and is situated 518 Km to the north of Thiruvananthapuram.
During the British reign, the city was known as Cannanore and today only in the Indian Railways, it is called as Cannanore. Kannur is also called as "land of looms and lore" due to the flourishing loom industries as well as for organising ritualistic folk arts at the various temples.
Apart from the loom industries and folk arts, the city is also well known for its unspoiled beaches. The city is also of military importance as it constitutes one of the 62 cantonments in the country. The headquarters of Defence Security Corps and Territorial Army’s 122 Infantry Battalion and the Ezhimala Naval Academy is situated 35 Km to the north of Kannur city.
This Naval Academy is the largest in Asia and the third largest in the world. An Indian Coast Guard Academy will also be built on the riverbanks of Valapattanam River. Thus, Kannur Cantonment is also one of the important cantonments of the country.
History of Kannur
Kannur or Cannanore is the name that is derived from an ancient village known as Kanathur. According to the local legend, the Kannur is the combination of two words in Malayalam i.e. Kannan (Lord Shri Krishna) as well as Ur (which means place) thus it is known as “the place of Lord Shri Krishna”. Kannur is the ancient coastal city of Kerala. It is also the 6th largest city in Kerala and the largest in the North Malabar Region.
The mountainous region of the area is full of rainforests, plantations of coffee, tea, timber plantation and different kinds of spices. The main occupations of the residents of Kannur are Agriculture and Fishery and 13% of the Kannur population is employed overseas.
Kannur is also quite popular for Ayurvedic treatment centres and attracts tourists from all over the world to this city. The therapies given are not only rejuvenating but also cure ailments. The tourists can book in advance so that they can get the accommodation along with treatment.
Kannur district lies between the latitude of 11o 40’ to 12 o 48’ to the north and a longitude of 74o 52’ to 76o 07’ in the east and comes with a total area of 2,996 km2. Kannur could be divided into three regions namely highland, midland and low land.
The mountainous region that forms part of Western Ghats are the highlands and it is covered by coffee and tea plantation, rainforests, spices like cardamom and timber plantations. The midland region consists of undulating valleys as well as hills and lies between highlands and lowlands.
The lowland is a narrow stretch that consists of coastal region, rivers and deltas. Six rivers flow through Kannur with the longest being the Valapattanam, its length being 110 Km. Elapeedika is the highest place with 2,500 to 3,200 feet near Peravoor.
Climate of Kannur
The district comes with a humid climate from March to end of May being the summer season. This is followed by South West monsoon till the end of September. October and November are the north east monsoon or the retreating monsoon season. The maximum temperature during April and May would be 35o C. During December and January minimum temperature is 20o C.
The night temperature might go down to 16o C though it is quite rare. The average annual rainfall of the district is 3438 mm and 80% of it is achieved during the south west monsoon. However, the rainfall in July is quite heavy and 68% of the annual rainfall is achieved during July.
Population of Kannur
As per 2011 census, Kannur district comes with a population of 2,525,637 which equals the population of Kuwait or the Nevada state of USA. It gives a ranking of 170th population state in India out of total 640. The district comes with a population density of 852 inhabitants per square kilometer and the population has grown at a rate of 4.84%. The district has a sex ratio of 1133 females for every 1000 males which is the highest in India and has a literacy rate of 95.41%.
It is also to be noted that Kannur is the most urbanized district in Kerala and is in 4th position after Ernakulam, Thrissur and Kozhikode. Around 50.35% of population live in the urban agglomerations of Kannur which comes to 1,212,898. It ranks second in the urban population next only to Ernakulam.
According to 2001 census, Hindus form a majority of the population with 61.47%, Christians constitute 10.84% and Muslims constitute 27.63%. Apart from Malayalam, people also speak languages like Kannada, Tamil and Tulu. English is spoken by the Anglo-Indian community.
Rivers Flowing through Kannur
There are six rivers that flows through the district of Kannur with the longest one being Valapattanam which comes with a length of 110 Km. Other than Valapattanam river, the rivers such as Mahe River, Kuppam, Anjarakandi, Ramapuram, Perumba and Thalassery also flow through this district.
Economy and Business of Kannur
Predominant occupation of the people
of Kannur is agriculture. Most of the people directly or indirectly
depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Some of the crops grown in
the district are coconut, paddy, pepper, tapioca, arecanut, cashew as
well as the plantation crops such as rubber.
Asia’s largest cinnamon
estate which produces cinnamon spice established by Lord Brown in 1767
is located at Anjarakandy in the district of Kannur. In most of the
agricultural land paddy is produced at large. Since the introduction of
high yielding variety programme they were also able to achieve
remarkable increase in paddy production. Though most of the paddy
growing lands are converted into other purposes, yet they are able to
achieve 2146 Kg per hectare.
Coconut is the second most important
crop grown in Kannur and the important cash crops grown in the district
is the cashewnut. It is to be noted that cashewnuts are cultivated and
produced in a unique manner. The vast wastelands that are available with
low fertility are considered ideal for the growth of cultivation of
cashew and for the allied industries.
Pepper cultivation occupies
important place in the cultivation of spices in the district. Normally,
pepper is cultivated as inter-crop with fruit trees, arecanuts and
coconuts. On the hilly parts of the district rubber and cashew are grown
as inter-crop and also quite important among the plantation crops.
Iritty taluk produces 55% of the total rubber cultivation of the
district. It is followed by Thaliparamba, Kannur and Thalassery taluks.
The rubber is produced from 2000 Kg to 4000 Kg per hectare.
Kannur is also an important district from the industrialization point of view.
The district has many advantages. Some of them are good soil, rich
forests, salubrious climate, enormous fishing potentials, etc. The
district also has good infrastructural potential such as rail, road,
inland water, etc.
It also has vast potential for the development of
industries. However, it is to be noted that Kannur is industrially
backward district. The district has a major industry and five
mini-industrial estates. The district also has twelve medium-scale
industries and most of them produce cotton textile or plywood
Some of the traditional industries
found in the district are handloom textiles, beedi and coir, and for
nearly one lakh people textile industry is their livelihood. Since the
beginning of 19th century, textile has been constituting 40% of the
small-scale industrial units in the district. It is to be noted that the
first ready-made garment unit of Kannur and hosiery unit of
Kuthuparamba was started towards the end of the 19th century.
textile, the beedi industries provide employment to 50000 people and
some of the famous beedi companies are found in Kannur district. The
third major industry is the coir industry which uses traditional
technology and provides employment to 11000 people of the district.
district has 6934 small scale industries and out of that 202 are sick
units and constitute 9.3% of the total sick units found in the state.
Some of the cities that have been identified for growth of industrial
developments are Kannur, Payyannur, Edakkad, Thalassery and Taliparamba.
Kannur district is one of the northernmost districts in the south western state of Kerala. The district is surrounded by Western Ghats in the east and Lakshadweep Sea on the west and has a wealth of natural beauty such as unspoiled beaches, hill stations, rivers, historical monuments and religious centres. It also carries history over its head and is the cradle to many picturesque folk art and folk music of Kerala. Some of the major tourist attractions in Kannur are:
Tourist Attractions in and near Kannur
St Angelo Fort
The Central Prison
Kizhunna Ezhara Beach
Muzhapilangad Drive in Beach
The Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary
Shopping in Kannur
No travel is complete without shopping something. For the shopping lover in you, Kannur market area is worth exploring. The ideal thing to be bought is the handicrafts and small knick-knacks which could be preserved as a memorabilia to this city. The busiest shopping centre of the city is the Fort Road. Other than that, the tourists can shop from biggest shopping malls of the city such as Super Bazaar, Kannur City Centre and Fortlight complex.
Religious Places and Festivals in Kannur
All the traditional Hindu festivals are celebrated in Kannur according to the Malayalam calendar. Some of the festivals celebrated are Vinayaka Chathurthi, navarathri, ashtami rohini, Mahashivarathri, Onam, Vishu and pooram.
Kannur popularly called as the Land of Looms and Lores is a major center
of Theyyam which is a ceremonial promenade pattern of North Kerala.
There are lots of little temples called Kavu in Kannur region. There are
numerous pilgrim hubs in Kannur for Hindus, Christians and Muslims.
major temples in this region are Raja Rajeshwara Temple,
Parassinikadavu Sri Muthappan Temple, Kottiyoor Mahadeva Temple,
Katalayi Sreekrishna Temple and Peralassery Sri Subramanya Temple. There
are many other temples also and these are visited by thousands of
Some of the significant churches in Kannur are St
Theresa’s church, Holy Trinity Cathedral, St John’s Anglican church and
Thavam church. There are a large number of Muslims in Kannur region and
so there are a many mosques can be found in this region. Some of them
include Madayi Palli, Oliyankara Juma Masjid, Odathil Palli and Stadium
Food in Kannur
For the people of Kerala, the rice and sea food including fish becomes an important cuisine. Like any other city of Kerala, food and spices play an important role too in Kannur. The Malabar cuisine stands out among the various regional cuisines as the city had been invaded by many traders right from the ancient age.
The raw mango-prawn chutney as well as the raw mango-lemon chutney is the favourite of many traders. It is to be noted that the cuisine of Kannur has been influenced by history, culture and geographic location of the land and food like Dosa, Appam, Puttu, idly and seafoods, etc. are liked by the people here.
How to Reach Kannur
Kannur is well connected by road with all major cities of India and also connected to other important cities of Kerala state. Kannur also has a railway junction and all major trains stop here. Calicut International Airport which is situated 98 Km from the town is the closest airport.
Quick facts about Kannur
Area: Kannur (Cannanore) Metropolis – Kannur District Elevation – 1.02 metres along the coast of the Laccadive Sea Population as per the 2011 Census Metropolis – 1,642,892 Time Zone: IST Postal Index Number: 670001 STD Code: 0497 Official Languages: English, Malayalam & Kannada
Utilities and Services in Kannur
Kannur is a city as well as municipality and also the capital of
Kannur district. As it is called as city of looms and lores, there are
many important industries which include agriculture as well as other
industries. All the utility services and infrastructure needed for the
growth of business and comfortable life of people is available in the
city. Some of the public utility services available are as follows:
The electricity is supplied through the Kerala State Electricity
Board (KSEB) for domestic and commercial use and the official website of
KSEB is www.kseb.in. The address of KSEB in Kannur is
Kerala State Electricity Board
South Bazaar, Civil Station PO
Kannur 670 001
Tel: 0497-2706850, 9496011216
The people of Kerala are provided with drinking water and the
management of sewage water by the Kerala Water Authority (KWA). The KWA
also takes care of the supplies to commercial and industrial needs. The
head office is located at Jalabhavan, Vellayambalam, Thiruvananthapuram
695 033. The official website of Kerala Water Authority is
In Kannur, there are several public and private banks. Here is the list:
State Bank of India
No 27/155 For Road, Kannur HO Kannur 670 001
Tel: 0497-2705188, 2706571
Axis Bank Ltd
Peekay Commercial Complex Muneeswarankoil Road Near Pothery Nursing Home Kannur HO
Kannur 670 001
Tel: 0497-2760646, 2760627
HDFC Bank Ltd
Payyanur Trade Centre Payyanur, Near New Bus Stand Kannur 670 307
The Federal Bank Ltd
No 488 First Floor, Adithya Towers South Bazaar, Kannur HO (Opp to Civil Station) Kannur 670 001
State Bank of Travancore
No 1 Platinum Centre, Bank Road Kannur City Kannur 670 003
Tel: 0497-2701852, 2705162
ICICI Bank Ltd
Ground Floor, Fort Road Kannur HO Kannur 670 001
South Bazaar, Civil Station Kannur HO Kannur 670 001
IDBI Bank Ltd
KMS Building, Thavakkara Road Kannur HO, Opp Civil Station Kannur 670 001
Tel: 0497-2764405, 2764406
Fire Services in Kannur
The fire station in Kannur is located at
Perumba Main Road
Kannur 670 001
Kannur municipality takes care of the administration of Kannur town
of Kerala state. It was established in 1957. The address of Kannur
Kannur 670 001
Postal and Courier Services
The address of Kannur post office is:
Kannur Post Office
Down stairs, Kannur HO
Near Telephone Bhavan
Kannur 670 001
Some of the courier services available in Kannur are
DTDC Courier & Cargo Ltd
No 178 First Floor Municipal Stadium Complex Kannur HO Kannur 670 001
Tel: 0497-2700281, 9388636466
Blue Dart Express Ltd
No 37/70, 27/71 Sithuja Building Opp to SN Park Road Kannur HO Kannur 670 001
Tel: 0497-2768208, 2725859
The Professional Couriers
T P Complex, Bank Road Kannur HO Kannur 670 001
Tel: 0497-2702313, 9847082637
First Flight Couriers Ltd
No 443 Citizen Complex Tellicherry Road, Kannur HO Opp to Training School Kannur 670 001
The French Couriers
Ishak Cottage, Fort Road Kannur HO Near Holy Family Church Kannur 670 001
Speed & Safe Courier Services Pvt Ltd
Zuras Complex, First Floor Puthiatheru, Opp Stylo Corner Kannur HO, Kannur 670 001
Franch Express Ltd
No 9 (54) Harris Tower, Thavakkara Kannur HO Kannur 670 001
Telecom and Broadband Services
The address of the BSNL office in Kannur is
BSNL (Customer Service Centre)
Kannur HO Kannur 670 001
Creches in Kannur
There is also Creches facility available in Kannur and the address is: